The other area where the war did not stop was northern Russia, especially Murmansk and Archer, the two main British bases in the region. Russia had surrendered in June 1917 after the Russian Revolution. After the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, signed with Germany on 3 March 1918, the Russian empire was divided and its constituent countries were reintegrated into their independence, but they were soon occupied by Germany. After the ceasefire, the question remained who controlled Russia. As winter approached, the British government had to decide whether to keep the troops in the area as in the extreme cold, and the risk was to be frozen until the following year. The ceasefire, conceived in three days in the allied war zone of the French forest of Compiegne, was not to be a lasting peace treaty. The four allied powers (Britain, France, Italy and the United States) met in Paris to develop a formal peace treaty. Germany was not invited to participate. The resulting Treaty of Versaille imposed severe sanctions on Germany, forcing its leaders to take responsibility for the war, pay billions of dollars, abandon 10% of its territory and colonies, and accept the restrictions of its army. Germany, unable to continue the war, had little choice but to sign the treaty. The embassy did not reach East Africa as easily as the Western Front. For four years, British, Indian and local troops, along with South Africans, Belgians and Portuguese, attempted to conquer Major General Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, the 14,000-strong German commander.
Although he had a much smaller army than he faced, his practice of attacking forts and railway lines meant he could not be ignored. During the war, his force diverted British and Indian troops from other fronts. Weather conditions, lack of power lines and various other conditions have resulted in high mortality rates among local populations in East Africa, particularly due to diseases whose figures can only be estimated. Also on 9 November 1918 Max von Baden handed over the post of chancellor to the Social Democrat Friedrich Ebert. Ebert`s SPD and Erzberger`s Central Catholic Party have had troubled relations with the imperial government since the Bismarck era in the 1870s and 1880s. They were well represented in the Reichstag, which had little power over the government, and demanded a negotiated peace since 1917. His fame in the peace negotiations would mean that the new Weimar Republic is not legitimized in the eyes of right and militarism. The agreement has been called the Treaty of Versailles. Germany was shocked, because: Joseph E.
Persico, 2005, eleventh month, eleventh day, eleventh hour: Armistice Day in 1918, the First World War and its violent climax In November 1918, both the Allies and the central powers, who had fought for four years, were rather out of the gas. This year`s German offensives had been defeated by heavy casualties, and by the end of the summer and autumn British, French and American forces had consistently repelled them. As the United States was able to send more and more fresh troops into combat, the Germans were outnumbered.