formal occasion, when a country formally joins a group of countries or an agreement accepts a country that makes an agreement with another country, that they cooperate to help each other, especially in a war a series of international agreements that describe how persons should be treated when they are prisoners in a war under international law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between states (countries). A treaty can be called a convention, protocol, pact, agreement, etc. It is the content of the agreement, not its name, that makes it a treaty. Thus, the Geneva Protocol and the Biological Weapons Convention are the two treaties, although neither treaty in its name. Under U.S. law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between countries that requires ratification and “consultation and approval” of the Senate. All other agreements (internationally treated) are called executive agreements, but are nevertheless legally binding on the United States under international law. an agreement between two or more countries or persons giving them the power or influence to formally enter into close relations with another country or any other organization of the United Nations Convention on International Goods Contracts: a treaty concluded in 1980 for the unification of international trade law. It is informally known as the Vienna Convention. The Australian Group (AG) is an informal forum of countries that, by harmonizing export controls, wants to ensure that exports do not contribute to the development of chemical or biological weapons.
Participants in the Australia Group help countries meet their obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention as much as possible by coordinating export controls. In addition to treaties, there are other less formal international agreements. These include efforts such as the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) and the G7 Global Partnership Against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Although the PSI has a “declaration of prohibition principles” and the G7 Global Partnership includes several statements by G7 heads of state and government, it also does not have a legally binding document that sets specific obligations and is signed or ratified by member states. Official Agreement on the Existence of a Country or Organization The IHR (2005) is an international agreement between 194 States Parties and the World Health Organization to monitor, report and respond to any events that could pose a threat to international public health. The objective of the IHR (2005) is to prevent, protect, control and respond to a public health response to the spread of diseases internationally, in a manner adapted to public health risks, limited to them, avoiding unnecessary intervention in international transport and trade.