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What Is The Escazu Agreement

In November 2014, the ten states that signed the Declaration on the Application of Principle 10 in 2012 decided to begin negotiations for a regional agreement. To this end, a negotiating committee was set up and was eventually formed by the 24 countries that signed the agreement. In 2014, the decision that established the negotiating committee made it mandatory for the public to participate in this process. To enable participation, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), which served as the technical secretariat for the negotiation process, set up and coordinated the regional public mechanism. More than 2,000 individuals and organizations have signed up for the mechanism to obtain regular information about the process and to participate in the virtual and personal meetings of the negotiating committee. The Caribbean country ratified the regional agreement on 1 December 2020. Two weeks ago, the organizations that supported the agreement published a letter calling for the process to be accelerated. However, officials from the Ministry of Finance informed them at a meeting, without giving details, that they were not yet talking about an analysis of the economic impact of ratification. “This is the last signature left to get permission. Everything stops, because it is their responsibility and all the actors are aware of it,” said Toms Severino, director of the NGO Ecological Culture.

“We have not received a clear answer as to why she is arrested,” Said Norma Gonzalez Benétez of Amnesty International. In the meantime, civil society has set the stage for the discussions. “Since we met with the elected members of Congress, we have lobbied to include ratification of the agreement in their legislative agendas, made public petitions and submitted the matter to members of Congress at a working breakfast,” said Fétima Contreras, a lawyer with the Peruvian Society for Environmental Law (SPDA). The Escazé Agreement is the first legally binding regional agreement on the environment and human rights, which aims to guarantee the right to environmental information, public participation in environmental decisions and access to environmental justice. Given that environmentalists, who highlight ecological destruction and human rights violations, are particularly vulnerable, the agreement offers them special protection throughout the region. In Peru, another of the countries that led the negotiations, the agreement progressed until it was paralyzed by last year`s political crisis. The primary value of the agreement lies in its multilateral nature, by creating a common framework that lays the foundations for environmental democracy in the region and by fostering cooperation and capacity building between states to support the least developed countries in this area. One of the most important provisions is to recognize the right of every person to live in a healthy environment and the obligation to ensure that the rights set out in the agreement are exercised freely. It provides for the adoption of legislative, regulatory, administrative and other measures to ensure the implementation of the agreement – in the decency of its own capacities and domestic legislation9 -, the provision of information to the public in order to facilitate the acquisition of knowledge on access rights and the obligation to guide and assist the public, particularly vulnerable individuals and groups. “When the agreement enters into force and is implemented, countries will be better able to improve their strategic natural heritage through a more inclusive and community-based heritage…