The conflict between free trade in industrial products and services, but continued protectionism in agricultural subsidies to the domestic agricultural sector (requested by industrialized countries) and the justification for international liberalization of fair trade in agricultural products (requested by developing countries) remain the main obstacles. These points of disagreement have hindered any progress in opening new WTO negotiations beyond the Doha Development Round. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was created after the Second World War following other new multilateral institutions dedicated to international economic cooperation. As a result, the WTO was created in 1994 during the last Uruguay-GATT round. The WTO monitors the GATT treaties and more than 60 other agreements concluded under the Marrakesh agreement. Over the past 60 years, the WTO established in 1995 and its predecessor, GATT, have helped create a strong and prosperous international trading system, contributing to unprecedented global economic growth. The WTO currently has > members, 117 of whom are developing countries or separate areas of territory. WTO activities are supported by a secretariat of about 700 people, headed by the WTO Director-General. The secretariat is based in Geneva, Switzerland, and has an annual budget of about 200 million FRANCS (180 million USD, 130 million USD). The wto`s three official languages are English, French and Spanish. This shows the most significant change since the WTO, unlike the previous process, imposes all the different agreements and decisions under the GATT.
The Doha round of negotiations should be an ambitious drive to make globalization more inclusive and help the world`s poor, including by removing barriers and agricultural subsidies. The initial agenda included both continued trade liberalization and new rules, underpinned by commitments to strengthen substantial aid to developing countries. According to a statement from the European Union, “the 2008 ministerial meeting failed due to a disagreement between bulk agricultural exporters and countries with large numbers of subsistence farmers over the precise conditions of a `special protection measure` to protect farmers from increased imports. The European Commission`s position is: “The success of the Doha negotiations would confirm the central role of multilateral liberalisation and the formation of a government. It would confirm the WTO as a powerful shield against protectionist regressions. “A stalemate remains and, since June 2012, despite intense negotiations, no agreement has been reached at several ministerial conferences and other sessions.